Trusted Reviews‘ team of elite testers has been reviewing compact cameras for over a decade. We know what makes a great compact. All our reviews are unsponsored, so our buying advice is honest and impartial as a result.
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We’re currently reviewing a fresh batch if newly released compact cameras. For now the Sony RX10 IV is the best overall compact camera on the market. If you’re a little strapped for cash, or just want something for holiday snaps, then the Panasonic Lumix TZ100 is the best-value compact camera money can buy.
If you on the market for a different style of camera, perhaps you’d rather head to one of these more specific round-ups:
- Best DSLRs
- Best Mirrorless Cameras
- Best Waterproof Cameras
- Best Action Cams
How we test
We test for colour – different sensor and camera image processors can interpret colour differently, while this can also shift at different ISO sensitivities. We then get down to the nitty-gritty of resolution, with our lab tests showing us exactly how much detail each camera’s sensor can resolve. Even though cameras can share identical pixel counts, some perform better than others. Then we look at image noise, since different cameras can produce cleaner images at higher ISOs than others.
Finally, we get out and shoot with every camera in real-world conditions, just as you will, to find out how they perform in day-to-day use. All results are analysed by the very best industry software, making our reviews the most authoritative of any you’ll read.
Sony RX10 IV
- Huge zoom range covers almost any photographic opportunity
- Fast, accurate autofocus keeps moving subjects sharp
- Excellent image quality in most lighting conditions
- Screen only tilts up or down
- Lacks some expected features, e.g. intervalometer
- Bluetooth under-utilised (only used for geotagging)
In the past, all-in-one bridge cameras have provided a means of getting a long zoom range in relatively compact and affordable package. That all changed with Sony’s launch of the original RX10 in 2013. Now, with the RX10 IV, Sony has completely revised the internals, adding the stacked-CMOS sensor and Bionz X processor previously seen in its RX100 V pocket camera.
The RX10 IV’s 20.1-megapixel Exmor RS sensor uses a stacked architecture, with on-chip memory and image processing enabling high readout speeds. This allows a silent high-speed electronic shutter that practically eliminates subject distortion from rolling shutter artefacts, while offering speeds as high as 1/32,000sec, which is faster than the 1/2000sec top speed of the mechanical shutter.
Sony’s latest Bionz X processor provides the horsepower for the headline 24fps shooting mode, with a spectacular buffer of 110 RAW files, or 249 JPEGs. The sensitivity range runs from ISO 100-12,800, with extended ISO 64 and 80 options also available. Crucially, the sensor gains on-chip phase detection for autofocus too, with 315 focus points covering 65% of the image area.
Quite a few common features are missing, however. These include in-camera RAW conversion, an intervalometer, time-lapse movie creation, or even multiple aspect ratios for stills shooting – you just get a choice of 3:2 or 16:9. Unlike some other models, the RX10 IV isn’t compatible with Sony’s add-on apps, so you can’t install additional features either.
Its huge zoom range will cover almost any subject, from sweeping landscapes to sports and wildlife, while its remarkable autofocus and continuous shooting abilities make it a far better choice for photographing moving subjects than any previous bridge camera.
If you’ve always liked the idea of an all-in-one camera that will let you shoot practically any subject well, you best start saving, because the RX10 IV is the best of this type yet.
Panasonic Lumix TZ100
- Good image quality
- Versatile zoom
- Fairly compact
- 3x zoom rivals are bettter in low light
- Non-tilt screen
The Lumix TZ100 is Panasonic’s top-of-the-range travel compact and is built around a 1-inch 20.1MP sensor and a Venus Engine image processor. This enables the TZ100 to offer a native sensitivity range of ISO 125-12,800 bookended by expanded settings of ISO 80 and ISO 25,600. Video enthusiasts will be pleased to note that 4K video capture is also supported, alongside a range of 1080p Full HD and 720p HD options.
In addition to its fully automated point-and-shoot modes the TZ100 also offers the full range of PASM modes plus Raw support. There’s also a useful one-touch Panoramic mode plus a generous range of digital filter effects to play around with. Elsewhere, other notable shooting features include Panasonic’s 4K Photo Mode and a Post Focus mode that allows you to select the point of focus after taking a shot.
The TZ100 is equipped with a 1.16m-dot EVF, below which sits a fixed 3-inch/1.04m-dot LCD that provides touchscreen control over the camera. Optically, the TZ100 is equipped with a Leica Vario-Elmarit zoom lens that provides the 35mm equivalent of 25-250mm. This provides a fast f/2.8 maximum aperture at 25mm, but does drop off rather quickly thereafter, falling to f/4.1 by 50mm and f/5.9 by around 150mm.
Panasonic’s excellent O.I.S image stabilisation technology is also present and does a very good job of keeping images sharp at slower shutter speeds and extended focal lengths. Image quality from the 1-inch sensor is generally very good, especially at lower sensitivities. Overall, the TZ100 is a very versatile camera that would make an ideal holiday companion.
Canon G1X Mark III
- Class-leading image quality
- Excellent control layout and handling
- Robust weather-resistant construction
- Lens is a little limited in terms of creative potential
- Relatively poor battery life
- No 4K video recording
Canon was the first in early 2012 to put a large sensor into a reasonably small zoom compact, with its original PowerShot G1X sporting a 14MP, 1.5-inch sensor. Six years on, we’re starting to see APS-C size sensors fitted within more compacts and the Canon G1X Mark III will go down in the history books as the first zoom compact camera with an APS-C sensor and built-in viewfinder.
Offering image quality that’s on-par with a DSLR is impressive, but the G1X Mark III offers plenty more besides its large sensor and 24-72mm-equivalent f/2.8-5.6 lens. The firm’s Dual Pixel CMOS AF technology is onboard for on-chip phase detection, which means autofocus is impressively quick. The sensor also teams up with Canon’s latest Digic 7 processor, enabling 7fps with autofocus between frames, or 9fps with the focus fixed at the start of a burst.
The lens includes optical image stabilisation promising 4 stops benefit and alongside the conventional PASM modes for enthusiast photographers, there’s the familiar set of automated Scene modes aimed at beginners. Canon includes comprehensive connectivity options, with onboard Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and Dynamic NFC. Those wanting to shoot 4K video, however, will be slightly disappointed to find that it only offers Full HD movie recording at 60p.
The SLR-styled body layout shares a great likeness to the company’s 1in-sensor G5 X model. Yet despite its petite size, the camera feels secure in the hand, thanks to its good-sized rubberised fingergrip and pronounced thumb hook. The most important shooting controls are reasonably large and well placed too, which isn’t always the case on cameras of this size.
Though it’s not the easiest of cameras to slip into a trouser or shirt pocket, it isn’t exactly bulky. It fits very nicely in a jacket pocket and can be pulled out in a moments notice for any spur of the moment shots. The only real downsides to the camera are its relatively limited lens range and modest maximum aperture.
- Looks gorgeous
- Solid battery life
- Great image quality
The X100F is the fourth and latest model in Fujifilm’s line of highly regarded fixed focal length premium compacts, succeeding 2014’s X100T model with a generous range of enhancements. This includes the same 24.2MP APS-C X-Trans CMOS sensor and X-Processor Pro image processor employed by the company’s flagship X-Pro 2 and X-T2 interchangeable lens models. Needless to say, image quality from the X100F is exceptional.
Compared to the 16.3MP sensor employed by its predecessor, the X100F’s 24.2MP sensor also offers significantly more resolution, which benefits both image cropping and printing. Sensitivity, meanwhile, ranges from ISO 100-12,800 with extended settings up to ISO 51,200. While primarily targeted at stills enthusiasts, the X100F does offer Full HD video capture at a maximum 60fps. Unlike other cameras in this round-up there’s no 4K support though.
As with previous X100 models, the X100F gets the same innovative hybrid viewfinder that can be set to provide either an optical view overlaid with framing guides, or a 2.36m-dot electronic viewfinder with 100% coverage.
While the fixed 23mm, f/2 lens has long been a distinctive and desirable feature of the X100 line for many users others may be slightly put off by it. To this end Fujifilm offers a couple of optional lens converters in the shape of the TCL-X100 II and WCL-X100 II. Once attached these convert the X100F’s focal length to 50mm and 28mm respectively. Better still the camera knows when they have been attached, automatically correcting any optical aberrations such as fringing in-camera.
In terms of design and handling the X100F shares the same retro-rangefinder design of its predecessors, with the trademark knurled aluminium dials on the top-plate providing the same pleasingly tactile user experience that has become a hallmark of so many Fujifilm X-series cameras.
Canon Powershot G7 X II
- Large sensor
- Wide aperture lens
- Touch-sensitive screen
- Lack of viewfinder
- Short zoom
- Macro focusing is tricky
There are currently five models in Canon’s flagship G-series premium compact range, with the G7 X II positioned just above the entry-level G9 X II. The main difference between the two models is that the G7 X II is slightly larger, has a more powerful zoom and a tiltable screen. Neither model comes with a viewfinder though – for that you’ll need to upgrade to the G5 X for an additional £70. As we’d expect of a Canon G-series compact, the G7 X II is an extremely competent camera that provides all the tools required by enthusiast photographers looking for a camera they can carry with them at all times.
The G7 X II is equipped with a 1-inch back-illuminated sensor that provides 20.1MP of effective resolution, and this is paired with Canon’s latest DIGIC 7 image processor to provide a native sensitivity range of ISO 125-12,800 along with a maximum burst speed of 8fps. Advanced users can switch to full manual control and 14-bit Raw capture, while a fully-automatic Smart Auto mode caters for point-and-shoot duties. In keeping with other Canon G-series cameras, the G7 X II is primarily targeted at still photographers rather than video enthusiasts. While it is capable of recording 1080p Full HD footage at a maximum 60fps, 4K is not supported and movies can only be recorded in the MP4 file format.
Optically the G7 X II is equipped with a 24-100mm f/1.8-2.8 lens, which offers a bit more telephoto reach than the Sony RX100 V (and at nearly half the price). Built-in five-axis image stabilisation provides a four-stop safety net when shooting at slower shutter speeds too. While the G7 X II contains a small pop-up flash, it lacks a hotshoe to attach more powerful strobes. Again, you’ll need to upgrade to the G5 X II if this is something that is likely to be an issue.
Sony RX100 V
- Small and lightweight
- Tilting screen
- Built-in electronic viewfinder
- Large sensor
- Fast frame rate
- 4K video recording
- Very expensive
- Screen not touch-sensitive
Now in it’s fifth generation, Sony’s RX100 series has pretty much rewritten the rulebook as to what can be expected of a premium digital compact. The RX100 V is no exception: small, well specified, hugely customisable and capable of excellent image quality.
Built around the same 1-inch Sony Exmor RS sensor and BIONZ image processor found inside Sony’s RX10 II bridge camera, the RX100 V is designed for speed. And to this end, it undoubtedly succeeds. Continuous shooting, for example, has risen to 24fp; a figure that leaves the RX100 V’s main rivals in the shade. Maximum recording time for the camera’s built-in high-speed video modes has been doubled too, giving even more flexibility to slow-motion enthusiasts. For regular video duties the RX100 V provides 4K capture alongside a range of 1080p Full HD and 720p HD options.
In addition to processing speed, another area that sees big improvement over previous models is the RX100 V’s hybrid autofocus system. Whereas previous RX100 models relied solely on contrast-detect autofocus, the latest model adds a 315-point phase-detection autofocus module that covers approximately 65% of the frame. This noticeably improves the RX100 V’s overall autofocus performance, especially in relation to tracking moving subjects.
While the RX100 V shines in just about every area, there are a few things that take the gloss off ever so slightly. There’s still no touchscreen functionality for starters, the in-camera menu system isn’t the most intuitive and battery performance isn’t great either. And then, of course, there’s the price – £900 is undoubtedly a lot of money for a compact, however good it might be. Still, even with these issues taken into consideration the RX100 V remains a cut above the competition. If you can afford one, you’re very unlikely to be disappointed.
Leica Q (Typ 116)
- Fantastic handling and control
- Excellent image quality
- High-quality lens
- Price pushes it into a niche
- Video capabilities could be better
Alongside the Sony RX1R and RX1R II, the Leica Q is the only other fixed-lens compact to come equipped with a full-frame sensor. While the RXR1 II offers significantly more resolution at 42.2MP sensor, the Leica Q’s sensor is a more memory card-friendly at 24.2MP. The Q’s sensor is paired with a Leica Maestro II series image processor to facilitate a maximum continuous shooting speed of 10fps. Native sensitivity, meanwhile, ranges from ISO 100-50,000 and shutter speeds range from 1-1/2000sec via the mechanical shutter, or 1-1/16,000sec via the electronic shutter. In addition to capturing JPEG and Raw still images, the Leica Q can also record 1080p Full HD movies at a maximum rate of 60fps.
The Leica Q is equipped with a fixed Leica Summilux 28mm lens with a maximum aperture of f/1.7. For those occasions where 28mm is simply too wide, the Digital Frame Selector function can be used to apply either a 1.25x crop to produce a 15.4MP image at 35mm, or a 1.8x crop for a 7.5MP image at 50mm. The lens further benefits from built-in image stabilisation and features a dedicated aperture ring, which neatly complements the shutter speed dial located on the top plate.
A 3-inch, 1.04m-dot LCD is located on the back of the camera and offers touchscreen control over the camera. Above this sits a 3.68m-dot electronic viewfinder. Build quality, as you would expect, is exceptional with the aluminium top-plate and magnesium-alloy body giving the Q a reassuringly premium feel. For those with the budget, the Leica Q is undoubtedly a tempting proposition
Those are our top picks of the best compact cameras. If you want to know more about how more about what to look out for when buying a compact camera then read on.
Best Compact Camera Buying Guide – The different types available
Ruggedised compacts are essentially armour-plated compacts designed to be used underwater or on a sandy beach – or, indeed, anywhere that would be out-of-bounds to regular cameras or smartphones. As well as being water-resistant, most will survive a drop onto a solid floor from arms length without resulting in any damage.
Strictly speaking, bridge compacts aren’t really “compact” at all; they’re often about the same size as a mid-level DSLR. Their big selling point is that they come with a large fixed zoom that provides anywhere from 24-200mm to 24-600mm and beyond. They’re versatile and flexible, just so long as you don’t mind a camera with a bit of bulk and one that isn’t designed to fit your pocket.
Travel compacts are much like bridge compacts, only smaller. They’re equipped with smaller optical zooms than bridge cameras, although most still come in around 24-200mm or thereabouts. Since they’re usually small enough to slip inside a coat pocket, they’re ideal for taking away on holiday.
Premium compacts are perhaps the most exciting sub-genre of the compact market at present, since this is where manufacturers tend to showcase their most technologically advanced and refined models. These almost always come with a 1-inch sensor, although some even use APS-C and even full-frame sensors.
Compact camera jargon explained
1-inch sensor: One of the chief ways that manufacturers have improved their compacts is by increasing the size of the sensor. Whereas small 1/2.3-inch sensors are still used in many cheaper compacts (and, indeed, some smartphones), more advanced models often come with a 1-inch sensor that features around four times the surface area. You can expect a 1-inch sensor compact to offer better low-light performance and a higher dynamic range.
Wi-Fi: All of the cameras in this roundup offer built-in Wi-Fi as standard. This means you can connect them to your smartphone, transfer images from camera to phone, and then use your phone’s mobile data functionality to upload your images to social media or email them soon after they’ve been taken. Some apps will even allow you to control the camera remotely.
Image stabilisation: If you’re shooting at slower shutter speeds or extended telephoto lengths, then the natural shake in your hands can result in blurred images. This is where image stabilisation (IS) comes to the rescue. Each manufacturer has its own name for the technology, but in essence there are two types: sensor-shift IS, where the camera’s sensor moves to correct handshake, and lens-based IS, where the lens makes minute adjustments to compensate instead. Either way, with IS engaged you should be able to achieve pin-sharp shots at much slower shutter speeds than would otherwise be possible.
4K video: While virtually all modern compacts can record at least 720p HD and usually 1080p Full HD, 4K video isn’t quite so universal yet. As such, not all of the cameras in this roundup provide it. Of course, you’ll get the full benefit of 4K video footage only if you have a 4K monitor or TV to view it on.
Aperture: Aperture refers to the size of the hole that allows light to pass through to the sensor. This hole is created by a set of interlocked blades at the base of a lens that contract and expand as you change aperture settings. It’s measured in f-stops – the higher the f-stop, the smaller the hole; the lower the f-stop, the wider it is. Lenses with especially low apertures – typically f/1.4 to f/2.8 – are much sought-after by enthusiasts for two reasons. First, because they let in more light, thereby allowing you to use faster shutter speeds in low light. Second, because they increase the depth of field effect, blurring the background behind an in-focus subject to make them stand out more.
Raw: All of of the cameras in this roundup enable you to record still images as lossless Raw files. These are different from JPEGs because when you capture a JPEG image, the camera will process the image for you in-camera before discarding some of the data to make the resulting image file smaller. However, when recording images as Raw files the camera doesn’t process the image internally, but rather retains all of the data captured by the sensor. This gives you much more scope to process the image yourself using specialist applications such as Adobe Lightroom or Photoshop.